- Always wash towels in warm water (not hot) to avoid wearing out the fabric
- Do not use wash cycles of more than 30 minutes.
- Washing machines should be loaded at a minimum 80% capacity to prevent wear and tear on the trims and seams.
- Wash towels separately from clothing for sanitary purposes. This also helps maintain the towels’ color and prevents them from being damaged by zippers and laces.
- Make sure towels are dried thoroughly but avoid over-drying to prevent shrinking and to maintain the integrity of the cotton fibers.
- If drying towels in the sun, avoid doing so for long periods as it may cause discoloration.
- If needed, use only color safe bleach and warm water on colored towels. Use non-chlorine bleach and hot water on white towels. Bleach can irreversibly damage the color and texture of the towel.
- It is common for towels to form small balls of cotton because of the fibers. These are easily eliminated after the first few washes.
- Cotton is a natural fiber and new towels will shed some loose fibers but this will cease after the first wash.
- Fabric softener decreases the absorbency of the towels as it contains silicon. It should only be used sparingly. Instead, add ½ cup of white vinegar to the wash water. The white vinegar also helps to set the colors and remove excess detergent residue from previous washes.
- Use a mild detergent with only half of the recommended amount. Too much detergent can cause a residue that can make the towels stiff and rough.
Towel Care and Machine Maintenance
Caring for towels during transport and delivery:Be sure the vehicles carrying the towels are clean and in good condition. Check that any chutes the towels pass through are clear of rough edges that can pull the terry cloth and damage the towel.
Avoid stepping on, or dragging the towel(s) on the way to the laundry or storage rooms.
Avoid contact with household cleaners. Most bathroom cleaners contain chlorine, this degrades the cotton fibers; also wood cleaners contain oils that can stain the towels.
Laundry Preparation:Towels should be separated according to size and level of dirt. (Mixing smaller and larger towels in the same load lessens the wash as the smaller towels can become wrapped in the larger ones making the wash uneven).
Towels with specific stains should be separated from the normal wash. Solutions for cleaning common stains include:
Lipstick: apply a little hydrogen peroxide to release the stain. It is recommended to use 2 gallons of hydrogen peroxide to 26 gallons of water.
Grease: hand wash with naphthalene or apply degreaser directly to the stain before washing.
Ink: apply direct chlorine or naphthalene.
Rust: apply rust remover diluted in water.
Note: in all the above cases is very important not to let the towels soak for too long and to wash immediately afterward.
The washing machine should be loaded at 80% to 90% capacity.
Suggested washing process for 100 kg (220 pounds) of clothes.
|Pre-Wash||02 min.||Low||Cold||Degreaser||100 g/4 oz.|
|Wash||10 min.||Low||70°C/158°F||Alkaline||100 g/4 oz.|
|Bleach||08 min.||Low||60°C/140°F||Bleach||150 g/5 oz.|
|Neutralized||04 min.||Low||25°C/77°F||150 g/5 oz.|
Some additional recommendations for washing to be taken into account are:
Make sure towels are placed properly in the machine for thorough cleaning.
Care should be taken to avoid any rough edges or protruding screws either in the washing machine or dryer as these can pull the terry cloth damaging the towel. The maximum temperature to wash towels is 60° to 70°C (140° - 158° F). Read manufacturer’s instructions in regard to the use of cleaning products.
Do not use excessive alkalis or acids (such as detergent or chlorine).
Do not add more chlorine than what is required, adding more than the recommended amount can cause yellowing and deterioration over time, the towel may not wash properly.
Maintain the correct placement of the towel into the centrifuge. Washing should be limited to one hour because washing longer decreases the lifespan of the towel.
Drying time should be limited to 45 minutes. It is suggested to leave the towels longer in the spin cycle before placing in dryer to ensure they dry thoroughly.
Use the right fabric softener in accordance with the water temperature otherwise it may cause the towels to stain or discolor. A softener can work well in one wash and not in another simply due to the difference in water.
Do not skip the addition of a sequestering agent because depending on the type of water, this can cause yellowing.
The tumble dry should turn evenly on both sides with intervals of 5 to 8 seconds.
If the towels start to feel rough, it is recommended to do a test: wash towels with water without the use of any detergents or agents, a foam appears, it is due to the residue of the products that are still in the towel fabric in which case it is recommended that all the wash rinses are used during the cycle.
It is necessary to check the interiors of the washer and dryer machines at least every three days to locate any rough edges or grease and oil stains that can damage the towels. Check at least once a week the machines’ bands, clamps, bearings, oil and grease levels to keep them in good condition.